How Does Voting Work in the U.S.?

Posted on October 26, 2008

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Electoral College
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._Electoral_College

Here’s a little overview of how are system operates. The states can change how their popular votes effect the Electoral Votes, so if your state has a lame way of tallying up the votes you might want to change that.

Currently, California’s 55 electoral votes are designated to the candidate winning the statewide popular vote.

How does it work?
The Electoral College is a controversial mechanism of presidential elections that was created by the framers of the U.S. Constitution as a compromise for the presidential election process. At the time, some politicians believed a purely popular election was too reckless, while others objected to giving Congress the power to select the president. The compromise was to set up an Electoral College system that allowed voters to vote for electors, who would then cast their votes for candidates, a system described in Article II, section 1 of the Constitution.

Currently, the Electoral College includes 538 electors, 535 for the total number of congressional members, and three who represent Washington, D.C., as allowed by the 23rd Amendment.

Each state has a number of electors equal to the number of its U.S. senators plus the number of its U.S. representatives. Currently, the Electoral College includes 538 electors, 535 for the total number of congressional members, and three who represent Washington, D.C., as allowed by the 23rd Amendment. On the Monday following the second Wednesday in December, the electors of each state meet in their respective state capitals to officially cast their votes for president and vice president. These votes are then sealed and sent to the president of the Senate, who on January 6th opens and reads the votes in the presence of both houses of Congress. The winner is sworn into office at noon on January 20th.

Most of the time, electors cast their votes for the candidate who has received the most votes in that particular state. Some states have laws that require electors to vote for the candidate that won the popular vote, while other electors are bound by pledges to a specific political party. However, there have been times when electors have voted contrary to the people’s decision, and there is no federal law or Constitutional provision against it. —FROM http://people.howstuffworks.com/question472.htm

How Are Electors Chosen?
Each state determines how its electors are chosen by state law and the process varies from state to state. In states with primary elections, each presidential candidate usually designates a slate of electors who then appear on the November ballot. The voters are then actually voting for a slate of electors pledged to one candidate or another. In caucus states, the electors may be chosen at the state caucus. —FROM http://www.electoral-vote.com/evp2004/info/electoral-college.html

Electoral Vote Trackers
http://www.electoral-vote.com/
http://www.usatoday.com/news/politics/election2008/electoral-vote-tracker.htm

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